医生建议推迟上课时间 让学生多睡一会儿 - 重庆爱华兹英语培训学校 - 新闻中心
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医生建议推迟上课时间 让学生多睡一会儿

编辑:重庆爱华兹英语培训学校  时间:2015/04/18  字号:
摘要:医生建议推迟上课时间 让学生多睡一会儿

Good news for middle and high school students. When it comes to sleeping in a little longer, physicians are on your side.


On Monday, the American Academy Pediatrics announced its recommendation that middle and high schools start at 8:30 a.m. or later. “Doing so will align school schedules to the biological sleep rhythms of adolescents, whose sleep-wake cycles begin to shift up to two hours later at the start of puberty,” the AAP writes in a press release regarding its new policy statement called “School Start Times for Adolescents.”


“An estimated 40 percent of high schools in the U.S. currently have a start time before 8 a.m.; only 15 percent start at 8:30 a.m. or later. The median middle school start time is 8 a.m., and more than 20 percent of middle schools start at 7:45 a.m. or earlier,” according to the AAP.


Many parents of teens joke that their kids would never get out of bed if it were up to them, but getting the right amount of sleep is no laughing matter.


“Chronic sleep loss in children and adolescents is one of the most common – and easily fixable – public health issues in the U.S. today,” according to Judith Owens, M.D., director of Sleep Medicine at Children’s National Health System in Washington, DC, and lead author of the policy statement, published in the September 2014 issue of Pediatrics.

“在今天的美国,儿童和青少年长期的睡眠缺失是最常见,也是最容易矫正的公共健康问题之一。”Judith Owens, M.D如是说。他是华盛顿特区儿童全国卫生体系睡眠医学部门的主任,也是发表在2014年9月版的《儿科杂志》上的该政策声明的首席作者。

“The research is clear that adolescents who get enough sleep have a reduced risk of being overweight or suffering depression, are less likely to be involved in automobile accidents, and have better grades, higher standardized test scores and an overall better quality of life,” Owens said in the press release. “Studies have shown that delaying early school start times is one key factor that can help adolescents get the sleep they need to grow and learn.”


Even before the AAP’s announcement school districts across the country have been rethinking start times. Earlier this year The New York Times wrote about the issue and profiled the plight of Jilly Dos Santos, a student at Rock Bridge High School, in Columbia, Missouri. When Dos Santos learned that school officials were contemplating starting school at 7:20 a.m. (30 minutes earlier than the existing 7:50 am start time), she became an unlikely sleep activist. The student rallied others to her cause and she educated herself about the science of sleep. Ultimately, school officials decided against the earlier start time. And a few months later the school actually moved the start time ahead to 9 a.m., according to the article.

甚至在美国儿科学会宣布该建议之前,全国各地一些学区已经在重新考虑上课时间。今年年初,纽约时报报道了这个问题,简介了密苏里州哥伦比亚市石桥高中学生Jilly Dos Santos的困境。当她得知学校官员考虑早上7:20开始上课时(比原先的7:50开始上课提前了30分钟),她成为“不可能的睡眠”活动积极分子。她聚集了许多人加入她的活动,教给自己睡眠科学的知识。最终,学校官员决定不提前上课时间。几个月之后,学校把上课时间推迟至早上9:00。

One of the organizations that Dos Santos reached out to for help was Start School Later, a nonprofit organization based in Annapolis, Maryland, that focuses on getting public schools to set “healthy school hours.”

Dos Santos求助的其中一个组织就是“推迟上课时间”组织。这是位于马里兰州安纳波利斯一个非营利组织,旨在敦促公立学校设立“健康的上课时间”。

“It’s going to take collective action, perhaps on a national scale, to get many districts to take on this issue,” Terra Ziporyn Snider, PhD, the executive director and co-founder of Start School Later, told Yahoo Health.

“该组织将采取集体行动,或许是在全国范围内,让众多学区采纳该建议。”获得博士学位的Ziporyn Snider,也是“推迟上课时间”组织的执行董事和联合创办者,对雅虎健康工作人员这样说。

“The science is clear; the will to change isn’t,” she explained. “The reason for that is that community life revolves around school schedules, and any suggestion of change – earlier, later, whatever – inevitably brings powerful opposition from everyone who fears a change in routine.”


Ziporyn Snider pointed out that many school districts have “found feasible and affordable” ways to push back start times. She recommends that anyone interested in learning more about later school start times to check out the success stories posted on the organization’s website.

Ziporyn Snider指出,许多学区都找到了推迟上课时间的可行性办法。她建议对了解推迟上课时间感兴趣的任何人都可以登录该组织的网站查看成功案例。

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